WHAT IS ACNE?
According to google search- Acne, also known as acne vulgaris,which is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring.
According to other research-Acne originates from the Greek work “akme” which means a point or a spot. Acne is a very common skin condition affecting a mix of population including teens and adults. Though it is not lethal, having acne can lower one’s self esteem. It is generated when the sebaceous glands (oil producing glands) situated at the very end of the hair follicles are seen to be overactive. In very simple words, skin cells along with oil and hair clump up together. This clump gets infected with bacteria resulting in a swelling.
There are two categories of ACNE namely:Non-Inflammatory Acne and Inflammatory Acne
1. Inflammatory Acne:
If you have blemishes that are red and swollen, you have inflammatory acne.There are many different types of inflammatory acne. It can be fairly mild, with just a few red pimples here and there. You can also have more severe forms of inflammatory acne: nodular, cystic, and nodulocystic acne.You can get inflammatory acne nearly anywhere on your body. It’s super common on the face, but also the back, chest, shoulders. You can even get inflammatory breakouts on the butt. It’s all completely normal, if not aggravating.What’s more, nearly anyone can get inflammatory acne. We know teens get it. But inflammatory acne is common for adults too. Even babies can break out in inflamed blemishes.
2. Non-Inflammatory acne generally does not cause any swelling. This category includes comedones. A comedo is a hair follicle (skin pore) which is clogged. Sebum combined with skin debris leads to blockage of these hair follicles.There are two major type of Non-Inflammatory acne.
Blackheads (open comedones)
Blackheads occur when a pore is clogged by a combination of sebum and dead skin cells. The top of the pore stays open, despite the rest of it being clogged. This results in the characteristic black color seen on the surface.
Whiteheads (closed comedones)
Whiteheads can also form when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. But unlike with blackheads, the top of the pore closes up. It looks like a small bump protruding from the skin.Whiteheads are more difficult to treat because the pores are already closed. Products containing salicylic acid can be helpful. Topical retinoids give the best results for comedonal acne. Currently, adapalene (Differin) is available over the counter as a retinoid. If it does not work for you, stronger topical retinoids are available by prescription from your dermatologist.